Academic research


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Peer reviewed and published

Gazi University
Dr Uğur KOÇ

Every year we lose approximately 1200 employees in occupational accidents in Turkey. At least as much again lose their abilities to work again. Thinking the other injured employees and the families of all victims of occupational accidents, it can be easily understood how occupational accidents are heavy physical and psychological burdens on countries’ shoulders. Until today, lots of revisions and improvements made at labour law and regulations. Finally in 2012, Occupational Health and Safety Law has came out. But of course it is known that, the regulations and inspections are not enough to prevent occupational accidents, the main subject is to establish the occupational health and safety culture to the employers and employees. To provide culture establishment, lots of precautions and events predicted in Occupational Health and Safety Law and a large culture change have been occurred since that date.

In this study, the change of the occupational health and safety culture in last five years in Turkey which is a fast developing country, examined. Occupational Health and Safety Law, which published in 2012, brought a requirement to every company to occupy occupational safety specialists and on-site doctors. So there is a shortage of specialists and doctors in this field. In addition to this, there is a movement in this field and almost all the people are aware about the occupational health and safety because of public disclosure platform of TV channels. There are so many new University programmes and lessons in schools about occupational health and safety. As a result of these subjects, an economic rent emerged. In the other side, the government is trying to handle problems with some fundamental solutions. The causes and the results of these events shown from a perspective of an inspector. Also in this study, the inspection system, the economic rent in the occupational health and safety field, the experts’ roles evaluated with a fish farm proposition. In conclusion the situation evaluated and some propositions made for the country, employers and employees.

IOMC Toolbox for Decision-Making in Chemicals...

Peer reviewed and published

Bob Diderich
IOMC Inter-organization for the sound management of chemicals

IOMC Participating Organizations have developed hundreds of tools and guidance documents that are relevant for countries in their efforts to implement SAICM. However, finding the most appropriate tool or guidance document to address specific national issues can be a challenge.

The internet-based IOMC Toolbox enables countries to identify the most relevant and efficient national chemicals management actions. The IOMC Toolbox takes into account the resources available and guides users towards cost-effective solutions adapted to the country. At each implementation step, the IOMC Toolbox presents the relevant IOMC resources, guidance documents, and training material, all available
online and free of charge.

The IOMC Toolbox identifies appropriate actions and guidance for:
• A national management scheme for pesticides
• An occupational health and safety system
• A chemical accidents prevention, preparedness,
and response system for major hazards
• Pollutant release and transfer registers (PRTR) (New!)
• An industrial chemicals management system (New!)
• A classification and labeling system (New!)
• A system to support health authorities which have a role in the public health management of chemicals (New!)
The IOMC Toolbox also provides links to five new online toolkits:
• OECD Environmental Risk Assessment Toolkit
• WHO Human Health Risk Assessment Toolkit
• FAO Toolkit for Pesticides Registration Decision Making
• UNIDO Toolkit on Chemical Leasing
• UNIDO Toolkit on Innovative, Safe and Resource Efficient Application of Chemicals in Industry

The Occupational Safety and Health Management Scheme addresses the prevention or reduction of the incidence of chemically induced illnesses and injuries at work and consequently to enhance the protection of the general public and environment by:
• ensuring that all chemicals are evaluated to determine their hazards • providing employers with a mechanism to obtain from suppliers information about the chemicals used at work so that they can implement effective programmes to protect workers from chemical hazards
• providing workers with information about the chemicals at their workplaces, and about appropriate preventive measures so that they can effectively participate in protective programmes
• establishing principles for such programmes to ensure that chemicals are used safely

The Occupational Safety and Health Management Scheme provides guidance on:
• Storage and transport
• Classification and labelling system
• Safety Data Sheets
• Identification of chemicals
• Exposure
• Operational controls
• Disposal
• Information and training
• Setting up an occupational health and safety authority
• Formulation and repackaging
• Procurement
• Distribution
• Public education

Move more

Peer reviewed and published

Move more (3).pdf
University of Derby
Dr Claire Williams BSc PGCE MSc PhD, Elaine Denning BSc
Andrew Baird BSc MSc
Professor David Sheffield BSc PhD

Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) remain a major health problem, with insufficient postural change at work implicated in their prevalence. Self-report data suggest that office workers sit for long periods without getting up. The Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB) outlines a number of factors thought to impact on intention to behave in a certain way, highlighting (though not addressing) a gap between intention and behaviour. External prompts or reminders, and the writing of Implementation Intentions (if then plans) have been used to close this gap for other behaviours in office environments.
This study investigated whether these plans and prompts increased the number of short (30 second) postural breaks taken by ‘desk-bound’ office staff. The reasons behind success or failure were examined via focus groups (n= 31).
Objective postural break data (n=195) were collected using waist-mounted, BACK-TRACK™ data loggers at 3 time points; before, immediately after and several months after intervention. All groups, including the control, were given written encouragement to take more, 30 second postural breaks. One group wrote if-then plans about postural changes; one received an external prompt
to move, provided by the BACK-TRACK™ device; one combined intervention group wrote if-then plans and received the external prompt.
Data reveal this population take regular postural breaks, even at baseline ( =3.34 postural breaks per hour). Writing if-then plans were effective in doubling the odds that a meaningful increase in postural breaks would be achieved. External buzzing prompts did not affect the number of breaks taken and no intervention effect on pain was found.
Participants reported a number of factors that influenced their break taking; these have been classified using the TPB, to which a number of additional factors have been integrated. A list of recommendations describing how to incorporate all the findings from this study into health and safety practice are outlined.

Building sound foundations Notes of guidance...

Peer reviewed and published

Professor Andrew Hale (HASTAM UK), Dr David Borys and Professor Dennis Else
(University of Ballarat, Victoria, Australia)

Building sound foundations this document is aimed at senior safety professionals in organisations whose job it is to develop and improve safety rules and procedures. The guide contains practical advice to help businesses make their safety rules more effective and efficient, and includes:
- a nine-step rule management process
- examples of what good practice looks like
- an intervention plan that all organisations can use to reduce the number and complexity of rules while still controlling risks effectively

Teaching health and safety in...

Peer reviewed and published

Institution of Occupational Safety and Health (IOSH)
Professor Richard Taylor Inter-Institutional Group on Health and Safety

In this document, you’ll find a summary of the study we commissioned to reassess the teaching of health and safety in undergraduate engineering courses. This report looks at the teaching material on health and safety principles and practice available to lecturers in the UK higher education sector, and forms part of our activities around embedding health and safety in professional and vocational education

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