Student research

 

This search facility showcases work that was carried out by students in an undergraduate or postgraduate role (for example BSc, BA, MSc and PhD students).

There are several ways to carry out your search. The simplest is to enter your key word into the ‘Search Text’ box and click on the search button. For a more advanced search our search facility allows you to define the specifics of the project if you know what you are looking for such as author and institution and the topic of the research. You can also filter your results to order them to your preference whether that be peer reviewed, published or work that is still underway.

Most of the research showcased here is free to access, if your search returns a project that is behind a pay wall we will tell you this by showing a £ sign.

 
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Does Leadership behaviour affect quality...

Peer reviewed and published

Published Article.pdf
John Moores University
Mr Peter Bohan, Michelle Laing
British Journal of Healthcare Management

Leadership behaviours of executives in healthcare are considered to be of prime importance (Burke, 2006), with strategy, structure and process being key elements of team and organisational effectiveness (Yammarino et al, 2008). This research identified that executives were clear on what type of leadership behaviour is expected of them; seeing themselves as transformational, setting clear goals and expecting the best from their teams. They also identified elements of autocratic and transactional leadership were required frequently in the achievement of targets. There was acute recognition of the tensions between quality and safety and the target-driven approach required by commissioners and the current financial climate. External drivers for quality and safety included losing foundation trust status and the resultant financial penalties. It was acknowledged the commissioners have huge power and influence over the direction of where the organisation concentrates effort to influence policy which could also provide tension with the quality and safety strategy. Finance and ‘doing more for less’ are constant themes, with competition to keep quality and safety on the agenda. Quality and safety has a reputation for being problematic, many executives believed changing the organisational culture requires evaluation.

Does leadership behaviour affect Q&S in...

Peer reviewed and published

Published Article.pdf
Wirral University Teaching Hospital
Peter Bohan, Michelle Laing
British Journal of Healtcare Management

Reviewed leadership behaviour and effects on quality and safety in healthcare. Leadership behaviour is directly related to quality and safety performance. The safety culture of the organisation can be lost in the drive to reach targets and financial pressures.

An investigation into the accident...

Peer reviewed and published

University of Wolverhampton
Dr Patrick Manu

The United Kingdom (UK) construction industry is one of the worst industries in the UK in terms of health and safety (H&S) performance. Numerous injuries, deaths, dangerous occurrences and work related illnesses are reported annually in the industry, and these are associated with huge economic and social costs which make the need for H&S improvement inevitable. The pursuit of improvement has triggered studies into construction accident causation which have emphasised the need to pay attention to underlying accident causal factors which emanate from the pre-construction stage in order to have sustained improvement in H&S. Construction project features (CPFs), such as nature of project, method of construction, site restriction, procurement method, project duration, level of construction, design complexity, and subcontracting, which are organisational, physical, and operational characteristics of projects emanating from pre-construction decisions fall in this category of underlying causal factors. However, despite the significance of underlying causal factors to H&S, not much attention by way of research has been given to CPFs. As a result, insight into how CPFs influence accident occurrence, the degree of their inherent potential to influence accident occurrence (i.e. their potential to cause accident) and their associated degree of H&S risk (i.e. the likelihood of accident occurrence due to CPFs) remain elusive in the extant construction H&S literature. This research was thus undertaken to empirically investigate the mechanism by which CPFs influence accident occurrence and assess their degree of potential to influence accident occurrence and their associated H&S risk.
Adopting a mixed method approach, the accident causal influence of CPFs was investigated. Following a conceptualisation of how CPFs influence accident occurrence based on systems models of accident causation, a qualitative inquiry involving semi-structured interviews with experienced construction professionals was undertaken to provide empirical verification of the conceptualised view. Subsequent to the qualitative inquiry, a questionnaire survey was undertaken to elicit relevant data from experienced professionals in construction management roles to enable the assessment of the degree of potential of CPFs to influence accident occurrence and their associated H&S risk. From the analysis of data, it was found that CPFs, emanating from pre-construction decisions, influence accident occurrence by their inherent introduction of certain associated H&S issues (which can be termed as proximal accident factors) into the construction phase of projects to give rise to accidents. There are also causal interactions between CPFs and the proximal factors which can reduce or increase the presence of proximal factors. CPFs have varying degrees of potential to influence accident occurrence which can generally be high or moderate and is influenced by: the extent to which their proximal factor(s) is common (in other words prevalent) within them; and the degree of potential of the proximal factor(s) to influence accident occurrence. Where CPFs apply on a project, they are generally associated with medium risk or high risk. Whereas with medium-risk CPFs some risk control measures would suffice in mitigating risk, with high-risk CPFs substantial measures are required. As a consolidation of the research findings, a toolkit, called CRiMT, has been developed. CRiMT provides H&S risk information regarding CPFs and it has the potential of assisting pre-construction project participants in managing the accident causal influence of CPFs from the early stage of project procurement.
In view of the findings, the accident causal influence of CPFs should thus not be ignored or underestimated in construction project delivery. Pre-construction project participants, especially those whose decisions determine CPFs, ought to take into consideration the H&S effects of CPFs when making decisions which determine CPFs. Also, pre-construction project participants ought to plan and implement commensurate risk control measures in the early stage of projects to eliminate or mitigate the H&S risk posed by CPFs.

Occupation-specific Psychosocial hazards and...

Published

University of Nottingham
Tracey Mitchell

Background: Until 2004 the compulsory retirement age for UK firefighters was 55 years. Changes to pension arrangements will result in many firefighters working beyond this point in the future, resulting in possible increased exposure to psychosocial hazards. The psychosocial hazards experienced by ageing firefighters remain unclear, as does the burnout profile of this group. Information in this regard could usefully inform policies to promote the workability of older firefighters.

Aims: To profile and examine relations between exposure to occupation-specific psychosocial hazards and burnout in older firefighters.

Method: Two focus groups involving firefighters aged 40≥ were conducted to identify psychosocial issues perceived as problematic. Transcripts were thematic analysed to inform the content of a bespoke measure of occupation-specific psychosocial hazards. This was administered alongside the Maslach Burnout Inventory to all firefighters aged 40≥ in a county fire and rescue service. Bivariate correlations examined relations between psychosocial hazard exposures and burnout.

Results: The focus groups identified five categories of psychosocial hazard: job demands, fitness and health, work-life balance, management support and peer support. 112 firefighters (45% response rate) completed the questionnaire. All respondents were male and ranged in age from 40 to 62 (M = 46.46; SD = 4.29). The mean score on each burnout dimension was substantially below that found in normative data, suggesting a low degree of burnout in the current study. Significant correlations of moderate strength (between .3 and .49) were found between burnout and reports of eight psychosocial hazards.

Conclusions: These findings suggest that the psychosocial work environment might have important implications for the health of older firefighters. Longitudinal studies are required to examine cause-effect relations between these variables, the results of which could usefully inform risk management activities to promote the health and productivity of older firefighters.

The relationship between work...

Completed but not published

University of Nottingham
Mr Keith Shaw

Background

There is a significant gap relating to studies that examine the issue of site based managers and supervisors regarding their health and well-being.

Aims

To investigate the relationship between workload intensification and the self-report health and well-being status of the site based managers and supervisors to ascertain the level of increased risk.

Methods

A single questionnaire was provided and distributed to 14 contractor organisation with a potential 750 respondents, with a response rate of 14.1% (n = 46 out of a reduced n = 488 of potential respondents). The questionnaire was also promoted on the IOSH construction web-site and through a health and safety consultancy client base and this increased the sample size (n = 46). Total respondents (n = 114). Odds Ratio (OR) calculations were performed to examine the relationship between the variables and health and well-being.

Results

The findings revealed an increased risk to poor health and well-being where workload intensification aspects i.e. unrealistic project programme timescales were being experienced.

Conclusions

The study highlighted further that a significant research programme is needed to explore the full extent of this underlying and potentially damaging problem. This can only be achieved with the full co-operation of the industry stakeholders.

Key words; Construction, managers/supervisors, work intensification, well-being, workload.

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