Student research

 

This search facility showcases work that was carried out by students in an undergraduate or postgraduate role (for example BSc, BA, MSc and PhD students).

There are several ways to carry out your search. The simplest is to enter your key word into the ‘Search Text’ box and click on the search button. For a more advanced search our search facility allows you to define the specifics of the project if you know what you are looking for such as author and institution and the topic of the research. You can also filter your results to order them to your preference whether that be peer reviewed, published or work that is still underway.

Most of the research showcased here is free to access, if your search returns a project that is behind a pay wall we will tell you this by showing a £ sign.

 
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Health and safety education: An...

Completed but not published

University of Portsmouth
Kirsty Williams

Health and Safety Education: An Evaluation of Its Effectiveness at One FE College in Preparing Students for the Working Environment.

Aim: To evaluate the perception, understanding and ability to apply health and safety, of students within a vocational further education college, across curriculum departments.

The research was triangulated and included both quantitative and qualitative data. This included a web-survey, the Learning Skills Council’s “Be Safe!” test, and focus groups. Key sections of the survey assessed the students’ perception and understanding of health and safety, and their confidence in applying this within the workplace. Of the 14 departments in the college, 4 were discounted due to unsuitability because of curriculum subject (academic A’ Levels or students with fundamental learning disability).

The response rate of 9% exceeded the minimum response required, and 96% of respondents completed the survey and test in their entirety. Descriptive statistical functions were performed on the data. 44 students took part across 3 focus groups.

There was no statistical consistency of understanding throughout the college and only 28% of students were able to score top marks on the health and safety test. Additionally, there was no correlation between the students’ perception of health and safety teaching within curriculum, their confidence in applying their knowledge, how they important they believe health and safety to be and their performance in the test. However the work does show that the students overall feel prepared for the work environment, have a positive approach to health and safety, and feel confident in applying their knowledge.

To be effective in preparing students for the workplace, health and safety teaching within curriculum should be structured and tested, and teachers should have competence in health and safety in order to teach it, with adequate resources provided by the management and organisation.

There is scope for further research nationally, assessing the health and safety knowledge of lecturers and comparing accident rates of under 21s by education stream.

E-waste management in urban and rural areas...

Completed but not published

University of Technology, Mauritius
Tasleemah Bibi Kinoo

Since the past decades, owing to new technologies, there has been a rise in the manufacturing of electric and electronic equipment. This is mainly because either the electric and electronic equipment has a short lifespan or users want to change to new and faster ones. These new technologies are indeed beneficial in improving livelihoods and comfort of many but at the same time are detrimental. This common practice has been and is still adding up to the worldwide rapidly growing dilemma of e-waste. E-waste comprise of electronic devices which are of no use and contain noxious substances which may have adverse effects on the health of living beings and on the environment if not properly managed. Studies have revealed that on a yearly basis, 20 to 25 million tons of e-waste are produced and this also consists of the release of high level of toxins in the atmosphere. This study aims at having a policy for the management of e-waste in Mauritius. Survey questionnaires were distributed among the consumers of electric and electronic appliances from both urban and rural areas of Mauritius. Officers of the Ministry of Environment and Sustainable Development and the Ministry of Local Government and Outer Islands were also interviewed. The results have shown that Mauritians make use of numerous electric and electronic appliances and are unaware of the health and environmental hazards that e-waste pose. Furthermore, most e-waste is either wrongly discarded or users do not know what to do with the e-wastes when they have reached their lifecycle. It was also deduced that Mauritius does not have an appropriate waste management both for the collection and disposal of e-waste. Consequently, it is essential for Mauritius to devise an effective e-waste management system and to carry out proper awareness on related safety, health and environmental impacts.

An evaluation of mobile phone waste...

Completed but not published

University of Technology Mauritius
Ranjana Maunthrooa

Every individual over 15 has one mobile phone, making a total of 5 billion mobile phones throughout the world (BBC, 2010). Studies have revealed that in the coming years, there will be more mobile phones than individuals on Earth as they are considered as essential assets of modern life (Castells M. et al., 2007). Even though, a mobile phone is more than a revolutionizing communication tool, it is considered as an electronic waste (E-waste). Worldwide for the year 2010, there was a total of 2,440,000 tons of e-waste out of which 19,500 tons were mobile phones. Mobile phone waste is now viewed as an emerging and rapidly growing problem of the world. In Mauritius, there is an increase in the number of mobile phone users: every year, 319 000 mobile phones and 25 million batteries are imported (MT Report, 2011). More users of mobile phones imply an increase in e waste. This study aimed at assessing the present mobile phone waste management in Mauritius. A survey questionnaire was carried out among mobile phone users in five mobile phone shops, five post offices and in Mauritius Telecom. The study revealed that mauritians use more than one mobile phone at a time and they substitute their phones mainly to be trendy and for their desire for more sophisticated and smart phones. Moreover, it has been observed that despite the presence of collection systems for unsued mobile phones, Mauritians still keep their unused phones at home. This bad practice, however is detrimental as valuable metals from the phones cannot be recopvered and recycled, leading to a low collection rate. Hence, in Mauritius, it is essential to implement a proper mobile phone waste management system and set up an effective awareness programe on the on associated environmental impacts from a safety and health perspective.

Workplace violence against nurses in Hong...

Completed but not published

The Hong Kong Polytechnic University (PolyU)
NG TSUI CHI

Workplace violence against nurses is becoming more serious while the needs from nurses are increasing dramatically. It can undermine nurses’ personal health as well as their professionalisms. Few researches have been done in Hong Kong due to many reasons such as low reporting rate. The reality is always underestimated. The aim of this report is to evaluate the nature and extent of workplace violence which nurses are experiencing in hospitals. Literatures from the United States, Australia, Iran and Taiwan were reviewed for studying the prevalence of workplace violence against nurses as well as the risk factors related to violence. A survey with 41 questionnaires was completed by randomly selected nurses from different hospitals in Hong Kong (response rate: 48.2%). The demographic data was analyzed to determine the incidence and the contributing factors to violence in hospital.
About 68% of respondents experienced violence in the last 12 months, which was higher than that in Taiwan. The most prevalent violence was verbal abuse (70.7% of nurse experiencing),
followed by threatening or bullying behaviour (43.9%), physical assault (34.1%) and sexual harassment (17.1%). Patients and their relatives were the main attackers. Around one-third of
nurses did not report the incident since half of them believed that it was unless. By chi-square test, the occurrence of the violence was dependent on their public or private hospitals and dependent on direct physical contacts with patients. Besides, the violence was particularly serious in the accident & emergency ward (90% of nurses experiencing), followed by the psychiatric ward (77.8%). Most of the nurses though that the major contributing factors were
lack of staff, personal factors of attacker and communication skill of nurses. In order to deal with the problem, nurses believed that increasing manpower, improvement of security measures and
provision of training were essential. In this study, the data collection method which relied only on nurses’ memories would have been subjected to recall bias.
This research supported that nurses are at high risk of workplace violence, management level in hospitals and the general public should establish and maintain a zero tolerance to hospital violence.

A study of occupational safety and...

Completed but not published

The Hong Kong Polytechnic University (PolyU)
Mok Pui Sze Persis

Coalbed Methane (CBM) is a form of natural gas hidden in underground coal bed mines. In the past, CBM from coal mines were extracted and burnt as wastes in China, but were extracted and transported in Western Countries.
China has a late start in transforming CBM from waste gas into energy source. The CBM extracted from coal mines undergoes liquefaction process and is transported to end users. The liquefied
CBM is safer in handling and transporting than the compressed CBM.
Company A in Shanxi, China liquefies CBM from coal mines using Cold Box. The inside of the Cold Box is a confined space with pipes filled with explosive liquid. These piping and valves need to be checked for leakage annually.
In 2010, three inspectors were seriously burnt inside the Cold Box during inspection. The plant was scraped and production stopped for 80 days.
The aim of this project is to develop a safe system of maintenance work in the Cold Box through the following objectives:

1. To identify hazards of working in the Cold Box.
2. To evaluate the effectiveness of current system of work.
3. To modify current inspection and maintenance processes
An onsite investigation was carried out to identify the causes of fire accident. Possible safety measures are explored by bench marking different international and company standards in Hong Kong.
Through risk assessment on current operation procedures, corresponding mitigation measures were proposed.
Through questionnaires, risk factors relating to inspection and maintenance collected from employees were analyzed.
Based on the information gathered, a modified systemsystem of work including working instruction within the cold box and safety inspection checklist has been developed. The modified safe system of inspection and maintenance of the Cold Box has been applied to the CBM Liquefaction Plant and no accident has recorded since then.

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